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First aid regulations

Why do we need first aid regulations?
Who is covered by these regulations?
Who is responsible for providing training and supplies?
What are the duties of a first aid attendant?
What are the requirements of the Form 82 poster?
What are the requirements for first aid supplies, stations and inspections?
What are the requirements for accident reporting?

Why do we need first aid regulations?
It is important that people receive immediate and appropriate medical attention when they are injured or become ill at work. The Occupational Health and Safety Act (OSHA) includes first aid regulations (Regulation 1101) that outline an employer’s responsibilities in providing first aid in the workplace. Employers are required to provide adequate and appropriate equipment, facilities and trained personnel so that first aid can be given when necessary.

Who is covered by these regulations?
All provincial workplaces must comply with the first aid regulations. The size and type of the organization determines the type of first aid certification that is required and the type of first aid kit or first aid room that the employer must provide.

In general, employers are required to:

have certified first aid workers/attendants at each work location
maintain a first aid station containing all relevant information and supplies
update first aid boxes and their contents and record the inspections
post the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) poster, known as Form 82 (In Case of Injury at Work)
record all circumstances related to an accident

Read the Peel board’s first aid policy.

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Who is responsible for providing training and supplies?
The employer must pay for and maintain first aid supplies, services and training for workers. First aid certification must be provided by organizations recognized and approved by the WSIB.

What are the duties of a first aid attendant?
First aid attendants are responsible for the general control and supervision of the first aid kit and the first aid room, if one is required. They must be available at all times during their work day, or shift, to treat an injured or ill person without delay (they must be available to leave at a moment’s notice). First aid attendants must also keep their first aid certificates at their workplace and be able to present them, upon request, to a government occupational health and safety officer.

What are the requirements for the Form 82 poster?
The poster, entitled In Case of Injury at Work (Form 82), must be posted in every workplace, in a location where all workers can see it. The poster outlines the responsibilities of both the employer and the worker when an accident occurs on the job. Supplies of the poster, in various sizes, are available free on request from any WSIB office. For the office nearest you, please refer to the WSIB website.

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What are the requirements for first aid supplies, stations and inspections?
A first aid station must contain a first aid box with the required items. The regulations provide different requirements for first aid supplies, based on the number of workers in the workplace – for more information, consult Regulation 1101. No medication of any kind should be contained in the first aid box. First aid attendants are not qualified under Ontario legislation to dispense medication, including aspirin, acetaminophen, antacids, antiseptic powders or ointments, etc.

All first aid items should be kept clean and dry and maintained in good condition. First aid stations should be easily accessible and located in plain view. They must also be supervised by workers (first aid attendants) who have valid first aid certificates and work in the immediate vicinity of the stations. The location or telephone number of the first aid attendants must be posted throughout the workplace.

It is the responsibility of the first aid attendants to ensure that first aid supplies are updated on a regular basis and maintained in good order. Attendants must conduct inspections at least four times a year and sign the inspection card for each first aid box, indicating the date of the most recent inspection.

In cases of injury or illness at work, a worker must:

receive first aid right away. First aid includes, but is not limited to: cleaning minor cuts, scrapes or scratches, treating a minor burn, applying bandages, dressings, cold compresses, cold packs, ice bags and/or splints, changing a bandage or a dressing after a follow-up observation visit, and any follow-up for observation purposes only.
tell the employer about the injury or the possible onset of an illness or condition. The employer must provide immediate transportation to a hospital, doctor’s office or the worker’s home, if necessary.
claim benefits if the injury causes him or her to seek health care. Health care includes services requiring the professional skills of a health care practitioner (i.e., a doctor, nurse, chiropractor or physiotherapist), services provided at hospitals and health facilities, and prescription drugs.
claim benefits if the injury causes him or her to:
obe absent from regular work
orequire modified duties at less than regular pay
orequire modified work at regular pay for more than seven calendar days after the date of accident
oearn less than regular pay at regular work
claim WSIB benefits by signing WSIB Form 6 (Worker’s Report of Injury/Disease) and giving a copy of the form to the employer
choose a doctor or other qualified health professional. The worker must not change health professionals without permission from the WSIB.
co-operate in health care treatment
co-operate in safe return to work
complete and return all WSIB forms promptly
report to the WSIB any changes in income, return to work status or medical condition

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What are the requirements for accident reporting?
Whenever a first aid attendant is required to administer first aid, the employer must maintain a written record of the circumstances of the incident and the first aid treatment or advice given to the worker. The employer must keep the record for five years after the incident.

The record must contain the following information:

oname of injured or ill person
odate and time of injury or illness
olocation and nature of injuries or illness
otime when first aid was given
ofirst aid treatment involved
oname of person providing the first aid
oname of person to whom the injury or illness was reported

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Do you know the certified first aid attendant in your workplace?

If you work at the Peel District School Board, you can find a list of first aid attendants and other important first aid information.

Are you interested in being a first aid attendant in your workplace?

Speak to your supervisor. He or she will ask the board’s WSIB officer to give you more details about the first aid program.

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